Therefore, a more likely explanation is that although the activity in this brain region might contribute to specific biological explanation for sex differences in spatial abilities in Port St. Lucie of cognitive control in EAM compared to the control taskits activity may specifically underlie the establishment of emotion regulation strategies, particularly in women.
Neuroimage 16, — Indeed, whatever they are, these differences need to be better identified and explained as they could certainly put us on the track of the reasons behind the masculine or feminine prevalence of certain diseases, some examples being depressive and post-traumatic stress disorders whose prevalence is greater in women and in which key features are overgenerality and intrusive memories in AM Lemogne et al.
Rat studies in vivo using direct injections of Tat into the brain have confirmed multiple neurohistopathological manifestations [ 66 ] modeling aspects of HIV-associated dementia [ 7172 ], including learning and memory deficits [ 181920 ].
Performance of different mouse strains in an object recognition task. Decreased brain activation and deactivation during visual attention in HIV patients.
Sex differences in molecular signaling at inhibitory synapses in the hippocampus. Across sexes and memory conditions EAM, SAMactivations were observed in regions that had previously been identified as core components of the AM network Maguire, ; Svoboda et al.
Prebble, S. While comparable behavioral performances were reported between men and women, men showed greater activations than women in regions linked to the experience of reliving events hippocampus, retrosplenial, and occipital cortex during the presentation of visuospatial vs.
Tabatadze, N. To date, two main hypotheses have emerged in attempting to explain sex differences in AM:. It has been suggested that Tat may also play a crucial role in the neurotoxicity and cognitive impairment evident in neuroAIDS [ 9 ]. Viard, A. This scale is quite similar to episodic memory scales used for normal subjects and patients in our foregoing studies Piolino et al.
These studies highlight an advantage for women in EAM.
Parameters of movement were also included in the model as regressors of no interest. Data suggest that for some tasks, men and women may use different neural paths to reach the same behavioral outcome Grabowski et al. Memory 11, — Gender differences in episodic memory.
This process has been shown to be a useful strategy to decrease the emotional intensity of a memory Holland and Kensinger,