Reproduced with permission. Another explanation for sex-role development is found in a cognitive developmental theory proposed by Lawrence Kohlberg. Englewood Cliffs, N. There is no direct relationship between biological sex and the various social aspects of sex roles.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3348— Guttentag, M. New York, NY: Routledge. New York: Psychological Corporation, Gender roles are culturally specific, and while most cultures distinguish only two boy and girl or man and womanothers recognize more. Thorne, B.
Elections of increasing numbers of women into office serves as a basis for many scholars to claim that voters are not biased towards a candidate's gender. However, the roles are now changing, and even reversing.
Rowley, Mass. Modeling of self-disclosure in laboratory and nonlaboratory interview settings. About this article Cite this article Derlega, V. In western society, for example, women have traditionally been regarded as more delicate and compassionate than men.
Many people no longer regard fearfulness or tenderness as unmanly emotions nor is it considered unfeminine if a woman is assertive.
For example, people who have a particular occupation are subjected to a set of expectations concerning the work performed and the style in which it is accomplished. While one might anticipate a mechanic's soiled appearance, such an appearance would be considered unsanitary and unprofessional for a dentist.
Google Scholar. Journal of Counseling Psychology , , 18 , — Huessmann, L.